Threshing machines

Fordson Threshing machines and Casali

The manufacturer's inscription

Vesna threshing machine

Threshing machines

Invention of Threshing machines

Threshing is the process of loosening the edible part of cereal grain (or other crop) from the scaly, inedible chaff that surrounds it. It used to be done manually by hitting the cereal grain with sticks and by throwing it into the air the grain was separated from the chaff. In order to make it more faster people also used cattle, and already in Egypt the first expedients were developed.

During the Middle Ages the process was perfected, and the first threshing machine as we know it today appeared in the 18th century. It was constructed in Scotland in 1786. Andrew Meikl is considered its inventor.

The process had several steps. A bundle of wheat was thrown into an opening, which was usually found on the upper side. By passing through rotating drums the grain was separated from the stem. This was followed by ventilation and filtration, which led the grain into sacks. On the other side of the threshing machine straw and chaff came out separated. The threshing machine was run manually, using horses or machines. It had a specific construction and sound, which even today evokes memories.

Harvest and threshing used to be complicated processes, which required a lot of people to participate. It brought the first return of the year and marked the end of all fears (freezing, hail, parasites, dryness, fire).

Mobile corn threshing machine Casali

with independent filling device, drum with special shaped and ribbed rails, threshing basket with optional cleaning and sacks, 1 shaft with all sieves for small and large corn, 1 pair of brake blocks, wrenches, 1 box spanner, screwdriver, 2 oil buckets and waterproof cover.

Ca. 1840 kg Casali I, 800m/m width K 2000.-
Ca. 2900 kg Casali II, 1125m/m width K 3000.-
Power in 10 hours with I ca. 600-800 quintals.
Power in 10 hours with II ca. 1000-1200 quintals.

The diameter of the drive pulley is 500m/m and is set to do 400 rotations per minute. Casali threshing machines are successfully used in Italy, Argentina. They surprise with their high performance, immaculate working, ease of handling and low power required to run it. The filling mechanism is built into the machine; it consists of a paternoster with cups as large as the machine is wide. The paternosters get the ears from a compartment, the size of which is quite large according to the machine's power. The ears are emptied into the compartment and the rest is done by the machine. The threshing device consists of a barrel with special formed and ripped rails and a threshing basket, which can be adjusted similar to the steam threshing machine.

The drive pulley can be fit on the left and the right hand side and the machine can be used depending on what the conditions on site demand. The threshed ears travel over a large sieve and fall to the left or the right out of the machine, depending on the position of the channelling

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Tractor Story & Konobon-Gallery
(within the Baredine-Cave complex)
Tarska 14
52446 Nova Vas

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Authors of the biography:
Tihana Bašić, Sergio Gobo, Renco Kosinožić, Fabio Moze, Silvio Legović, Manuel Paljuh, Vinko Počanić, Igor Rimanić

Authors of the text:
Marino Baldini, Albert Ćosić, Slobodan Dević, Silvio Legović, Lara Musizza, Igor Rimanić

Donors for the collection:
Marino Baldini, Anđelo Brčić, Ivo Jerković, Judita Legović, Silvio Katarinčić, Dario Kocijančić, Luciano Legović, Damir Lukež, Loredana Musizza, Vittorio Okmaca, Dezi Okmaca, Poljoprivredni institut Poreč, Drago Radolović, Rino Rojac, Refik Saliji – Fiko, Josip Slavčić, Marino Šimonović, Darko Štifanić, Sonja Vojinović, Enrico Zorzan, Drago Žužić

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